Miss Stout's History Class - The Irish War of Independence
Article - Enduring Legacy of the First Dail
Historian John A. Murphy writes about why it is important that we should remember the First Dail. He argues that "ninety years on, the parliamentary ideals of our founding fathers remain paramount". Click here to read this thought provoking article.
The two key elements of Guerrilla Warfare as demonstrated in the film Michael Collins. The first pillar is local population support, without that your operations will not succeed. The second pillar is using what you have to your advantage, whatever that maybe.
The most violent day of the entire conflict was Sunday 21 November 1920. Was this the event that finally led to a truce between the IRA and the British forces in Ireland? Below is a clip from the film 'Michael Collins'?
The Anglo-Irish Treaty
The Anglo-Irish Treaty was one of the most devisive issues ever to have occured in Irish history. On 6 Dec 1921 Collins and Griffith agreed to a Treaty that created what became known as the Irish Free State. Ireland would be a self governing member of the Commonwealth. Members of the Dail would have to swear an oath of allegiance to the Crown. The six counties would, for now, remain part of Britain. Collins argued that although the Treaty did not represent a republic, it represented peace and would act as a stepping stone towards an eventual 32 county Irish Republic. De Valera and others disagreed leading to a split in the IRA. Pro-Treaty and Anti-Treaty forces would fight a bitter Civil War that resulted in the deaths of Michael Collins, Arthur Griffith, Cathal Brugha, Rory O' Connor and many others. Ireland would lose many of its most promising young leaders. The feeling of hatred and bitterness would last for many years.
The Irish Civil War, 1922-23
Site administered by Christian O'Connor, History Teacher, St. Mary's Secondary School, Mallow, Co. Cork